NVQ 2356

Panel
Building

NVQ 2356-99 Level 3 in Electrotechnical Services Experienced Worker – Panel Building

The Panel Building NVQ 2356 Level 3 consists of seven units, 319 to 325, and each unit needs to be completed over three separate occasions.

This can be any number of jobs / tasks and does not necessarily mean three separate jobs or three separate locations.

These three occasions can be done by observations / professional discussions by your assessor or witness statements / site diary created by yourself using evidence collected from jobs / tasks.

The additional Unit 399 (AM2) needs to be covered only on one occasion and this is a three day practical assessment taken at an AM2 Centre anywhere in the UK.

Unit 319 – Ensure Safe Electrical Working When Building Panels

This unit is for you if you build panels as you will need to ensure the workplace is continually safe for electrical work.

This unit is about assessing the workplace for hazards prior to, during and on completion of work on panel building.

You need to show that you possess the skills and knowledge to:

  • Assess the working conditions for health and safety purposes
  • Plan a safe programme of work
  • Carry out safe working practices including use of access equipment
  • Monitor that the workplace remains continually safe during working
  • Ensure it is left in a safe and secure condition on completion.

To help with your understanding, the ‘Key Words and Phrases‘ section below gives more details about some of the words and phrases which have been used in this unit.

Unit 319 Key Words & Phrases

Workplace: In this unit, this refers to the immediate area where the panel is being built.
Working environment: In this unit, this refers to the workplace’s environment which may be affected by other associated or allied trades, such as paint spraying work, sheet metal work.
Working conditions: In this unit, this refers to the working conditions which exist at that point in time when the panel building is due to take place. The physical dimensions of the panel being built may affect the working conditions.
Access equipment: In this unit, these include: stepladders, trestles, mobile scaffolding, platform systems.
Relevant person(s): In this unit, these are: customers, clients, client representatives, charge-hands, supervisors, other contractors, colleagues, non- electrical operatives.
Panel Types: In this unit, these include: switchboards, mccs, control panels, etc. A control panel is a multi-functional enclosure which contains an electrical system of control components and whose uses are explained by a circuit diagram.
Equipment: In this unit, this includes switchgear, distribution boards, motor starters, controllers, instrumentation and their control systems, components and accessories.
Safe system of work: In this unit, this refers to a system of work which will include procedures such as safe isolation, permits to work, wearing personal protective equipment and other procedures, as appropriate, identified during an assessment of risks. The system of work may take the form of a method statement.

Unit 319 Performance Objectives

You must ensure that: 

  1. You carry out an assessment of risks of the workplace and the working environment to comply with health and safety regulations and other legislation applicable to the panel being built
  2. You agree a safe programme of work with the relevant person(s)
  3. You use suitable warning notices and barriers to prevent unauthorised entry to the workplace as identified by the assessment of risks
  4. You minimise the risks associated with the tools, plant, equipment, materials and access equipment applicable to the panel being built
  5. You monitor regularly that the working conditions remain safe for work to continue
  6. You operate the tools, equipment, plant and, when necessary, access equipment following suppliers’ instructions and health and safety requirements
  7. You check that your tools, equipment, plant and materials at the workplace are stored safely and securely during work activities and removed on completion
  8. On completion of your work the immediate workplace is left in a safe and satisfactory condition in accordance with health and safety regulations and good housekeeping practice.
Unit 319 Knowledge Requirements

* Related Performance Objective Number in Red

In order to carry out emergency work on public lighting systems and associated equipment you should know and understand the following aspects relating to:

Health and Safety:

1. How to carry out an assessment of risks with regard to:
a) Access to the immediate workplace
b) Preventing unauthorised access
c) Others working at the workplace
d) Systems and equipment integrity
e) The working environment – 1,2,3
2. The regulatory and your organisation’s requirements for correctly handling and storing tools, equipment, materials and access equipment – 6,7,8
3. When it is safe for work to proceed, continue or to leave when work finishes – 5,8
4. The need for safety, welfare and access arrangements to be in force at the workplace – 3
5. Use, care and storage of substances covered by COSHH – 6,7,8
6. The legal responsibilities for health and safety in accordance with current heath and safety legislation, regulations and codes of practice – All POs

Working Practices
7. The importance of ‘good housekeeping’ procedures in maintaining a safe working environment – 8
8. The potential consequences of failure to follow specified working practices and suppliers’ instructions for the use of tools, equipment, plant and materials – 6
9. Your organisation’s procedures for safe working practices and the monitoring of working conditions – All POs

Unit 320 – Prepare To Build Panels

This unit is for you if you are preparing to build a custom-built panel in the workplace.

This unit is about ensuring that the conductor systems and equipment are suitable for the panel type and its specification, and planning a safe system of work.

You need to show that you possess the skills and knowledge to:

  • Confirm that the work you are going to do meets the relevant person'(s) expectations
  • Ensure you have the right materials for that panel type, and that the working conditions are safe for work to start
  • Be sure that the conductor systems and equipment are safe and fit for purpose
  • Correctly plan a safe system of work.

To help with your understanding, the ‘Key Words and Phrases‘ section below gives more details about some of the words and phrases which have been used in this unit.

Unit 320 Key Words & Phrases

Equipment: In this unit, this includes switchgear, distribution boards, motor starters, controllers, instrumentation and their control systems, components and accessories.
Conductor systems: In this unit, these refer to insulated and non- insulated conductor systems as specified.
Panel Types: In this unit, these include: switchboards, mccs, control panels, etc. A control panel is a multi-functional enclosure which contains an electrical system of control components and whose uses are explained by a circuit diagram.
Working environment: In this unit, this refers to the workplace’s environment which may be affected by other associated or allied trades, such as paint spraying work, sheet metal work.
Working conditions: In this unit, this refers to the working conditions which exist at that point in time when the panel building is due to take place. The physical dimensions of the panel being built may affect the working conditions.
Safe system of work: In this unit, this refers to a system of work which will include procedures such as safe isolation, permits to work, wearing personal protective equipment and other procedures, as appropriate, identified during an assessment of risks. The system of work may take the form of a method statement.
Relevant person(s): In this unit, these are: customers, clients, client representatives, charge-hands, supervisors, other contractors, colleagues, non- electrical operatives.
Industry Standards: These standards can include relevant British, European and International Standards.

Unit 320 Performance Objectives

You must ensure that: 

  1. You confirm that your plans for the panel building work meet with the expectations of the relevant person
  2. You report, promptly, any changes to the working conditions of the workplace which might impact on the panel building to the relevant person(s)
  3. You prepare a schedule of equipment applicable to the panel type from customer information and specifications
  4. The conductor systems and equipment you have ready for use meet the requirements of the latest issue of the circuit diagrams and layout drawings
  5. You confirm that the conductor systems and equipment are:
    a) Fit for purpose
    b) Appropriate for the panel type to be built
  6. You obtain all relevant manufacturers’ data, publications and the latest, relevant Industry Standards for the panel’s conductor systems and equipment
  7. You confirm that there are no hazards which could harm yourself or other people prior to commencing work
  8. You plan a system of work for use throughout the panel building which is safe and effective.
Unit 320 Knowledge Requirements

* Related Performance Objective Number in Red

In order to prepare to build panels you should know and understand the following aspects relating to:

1. Contract responsibilities and legal implications with respect to:
a) Agreeing variations to the panel building not within the contract/ specification
b) Start and finish dates – 1
2. How to carry out an assessment of risks and plan a system of work with regard to:
a) Access to the workplace
b) Preventing unauthorised access
c) Others working at the workplace
d) Systems and equipment integrity
e) The working environment – 2,6,8
3. The materials, their advantages, limitations and applications used as electrical conductors and insulators – 4,5
4. The advantages and limitations of conductor systems, equipment and panel types – 4,5
5. Methods of determining the quantity and current carrying capacity of conductor systems – 4,5
6. How to prepare a schedule of equipment required for panel building from customer information or specifications – 3
7. How to determine the suitability of a conductor system and panel building equipment for a particular environment – 5
8. How to interpret circuit diagrams and layout drawings and the planned location for conductor systems and equipment within each panel type – 4
9. How to use and interpret the relevant Industry Standards and manufacturer’s data and publications – 7

Health and Safety
10. Responsibilities for health and safety in accordance with current health and safety legislation, regulations and codes of practice – All POs
11. The potential hazards in the panel building environment and how the risks to others can be minimised – All POs
12. The legal responsibilities for health and safety in accordance with current health and safety legislation, regulation and codes of practice – All POs

Principles and Theory
13. The latest, relevant Industry Standards applicable to the preparation of panel building – All POs
14. Where to find out about the principles of electrical theory and installation techniques and those which are appropriate to the preparation of building panels – All POs
15. Where to find relevant manufacturers’ data and publications – 6

Unit 321 – Build Panels Using Safe and Approved Methods

This unit is for you if you build panels in the workplace.

This unit is about following the correct procedures for building panels.

You need to show that you possess the skills and knowledge to:

  • Build panels using safe and approved methods
  • Use drawings, diagrams and specifications to assemble the panels
  • Check for defects during the building period
  • Take suitable action to remedy defects.

To help with your understanding, the ‘Key Words and Phrases‘ section below gives more details about some of the words and phrases which have been used in this unit.

Unit 321 Key Words & Phrases

Connections: In this unit, this includes: the termination and connection of wiring systems and equipment ensuring that every joint and connection is mechanically and electrically sound and suitable for use.
Equipment: In this unit, this includes switchgear, distribution boards, motor starters, controllers, instrumentation and their control systems, components and accessories.
Conductor systems: In this unit, these refer to: insulated and non- insulated conductor systems as specified.
Panel Types: In this unit, these include: switchboards, mccs, control panels, etc. A control panel is a multi-functional enclosure which contains an electrical system of control components and whose uses are explained by a circuit diagram.
Safe system of work: In this unit, this refers to a system of work which will include procedures such as safe isolation, permits to work, wearing personal protective equipment and other procedures, as appropriate, identified during an assessment of risks. The system of work may take the form of a method statement.
Relevant person(s): In this unit, these are: customers, clients, client representatives, charge-hands, supervisors, other contractors, colleagues, non- electrical operatives.
Industry Standards: These standards can include relevant British, European and International Standards.

Unit 321 Performance Objectives

You must ensure that: 

  1. You carry out an assessment of risks and follow a safe system of work which is safe and effective throughout all panel building activities
  2. You assemble the main body of the panel to comply with drawings, diagrams and the relevant specification
  3. You measure and mark out locations for panel equipment to comply with the drawings, diagrams and the relevant specification
  4. You install and connect the panel’s conductor systems and equipment safely to comply with
    a) The drawings
    b) The diagrams
    c) The relevant specification
    d) The latest, relevant Industry Standards
  5. You label, clearly, the conductors, connections and equipment to meet with the relevant specification and legal requirements
  6. When necessary, you take safe and suitable remedial action to correct any identified defects during the building period in accordance with industry practices
  7. You complete any necessary documentation relating to the work legibly, accurately and in a timely manner to meet with organisational requirements.
Unit 321 Knowledge Requirements

* Related Performance Objective Number in Red

In order to build panels using safe and approved methods you should know and understand the following aspects relating to:

Building Panels:

1. How to carry out an assessment of risks and plan a safe system of work with regard to:
a) Access to the workplace
b) Others working at the site
c) The working environment
d) Preventing unauthorised access
e) Systems and equipment integrity – 1
2. Safe methods and techniques of assembling the main body of panels – 2
3. Main types, the advantages and limitations of different electrical connections – 4
4. How to interpret circuit diagrams and drawings to facilitate the building of the main body of the panel and the connection of conductor systems and equipment – 2,3,4
5. The procedures and techniques for the connection of single and multiphase, control circuits and for the connection of equipment within the panel – 4
6. The requirements of joints and connections to be of strength and conductance to allow for the passage of fault currents and to prevent corrosion – 4
7. Industry approved procedures for labelling conductors, connections and equipment for identification purposes – 5
8. How to identify defects and the implications of carrying out remedial action – 6
9. Organisational procedures for the completion of necessary documentation which might include organisational or external QA systems – 7

Health and Safety
10. The importance of using personal protective equipment and safe appropriate tools for specific jobs – All POs
11. The procedures for reporting any potentially dangerous situations or incidents – 6,7
12. The legal responsibilities for health and safety in accordance with current health and safety legislation, regulations and codes of practice – All POs
13. Handling conductor systems and equipment in the correct manner – All POs

Principles and Theory
14. The latest, relevant Industry Standards applicable to the building of panels – All POs
15. Where to find out about the principles of electrical theory and installation techniques and those appropriate to building panels – All POs

Unit 322 – Carry Out Inspection and Testing of Panels

This unit is for you if you inspect and test built panels.

This unit is about following industry approved practices and procedures for the inspection and testing of built panels.

You need to show that you possess the skills and knowledge to:

  • Visually inspect a built panel
  • Select and correctly use the appropriate testing equipment
  • Carry out all tests in the appropriate sequence
  • Keep good records of the procedures and results.

To help with your understanding, the ‘Key Words and Phrases‘ section below gives more details about some of the words and phrases which have been used in this unit.

Unit 322 Key Words & Phrases

Connections: In this unit, this includes: the termination and connection of wiring systems and equipment ensuring that every joint and connection is mechanically and electrically sound and suitable for use.
Equipment: In this unit, this includes switchgear, distribution boards, motor starters, controllers, instrumentation and their control systems, components and accessories.
Conductor systems: In this unit, these refer to: insulated and non- insulated conductor systems as specified.
Panel Types: In this unit, these include: switchboards, mccs, control panels, etc. A control panel is a multi-functional enclosure which contains an electrical system of control components and whose uses are explained by a circuit diagram.
Safe system of work: In this unit, this refers to a system of work which will include procedures such as safe isolation, permits to work, wearing personal protective equipment and other procedures, as appropriate, identified during an assessment of risks. The system of work may take the form of a method statement.
Tests: In this unit, these include tests appropriate to conductors, insulation resistance, pressure tests, polarity and phasesequencing, the operation of protective equipment, functional operation of control circuits, components and equipment.
Relevant person(s): In this unit, these are: customers, clients, client representatives, charge-hands, supervisors, other contractors, colleagues, non- electrical operatives.
Industry Standards: These standards can include relevant British, European and International Standards.

Unit 322 Performance Objectives

You must ensure that: 

  1. You plan and agree the inspection and testing procedures with the relevant person(s)
  2. You undertake an assessment of risks prior to carrying out the inspection and testing
  3. You conduct a visual inspection and confirm the panel assembly is in accordance with
    a) The latest, relevant Industry Standards
    b) Relevant diagrams
    c) Relevant drawings
    d) The relevant specification
  4. You confirm that your test instruments:
    a ) Are appropriate to the job in hand
    b) Are fit for purpose
    c) Have a current calibration certificate
  5. You follow the correct procedures for carrying out a safe and secure isolation
    a) To each functional unit prior to testing
    b) To the completed panel on completion of functional testing
  6. You conduct, in the correct sequence, appropriate tests in accordance with
    a) Approved industry practices
    b) The latest, relevant Industry Standards
    c) Manufacturers’ recommendations
    d) The relevant specification
  7. All approved panels conform to
    a) The latest, relevant Industry Standards
    b) Manufacturers’ recommendations
    c) The relevant specification
  8. Panels which do not function correctly and safely, you report to the relevant person(s) promptly
  9. You prepare and complete relevant documentation to record confirmation of the panel’s conformity to the relevant specification
  10. Your handover of the panel to the relevant person(s) includes accurate and complete information and documentation for its continued safe and effective use.
Unit 322 Knowledge Requirements

* Related Performance Objective Number in Red

In order to inspect and test panels using safe and approved methods you should know and understand the following aspects relating to:

Inspecting and Testing:

1. The purpose and requirements of the panel(s) to be inspected and tested – 1
2. How to carry out an assessment of risks and plan a safe system of work with regard to:
a) Access to the workplace
b) Others working at the site
c) The working environment
d) Preventing unauthorised access
e) Systems and equipment integrity – 2
3. The requirements of an inspection with regard to:
a) Selection, identification and connection of conductors
b) Protection against contact and fire
c) Labelling
d) Access to switchgear and equipment
e) Availability of danger, warning notices, diagrams and instructions – 3
4. The importance of choosing the correct instruments for testing – 4
5. The procedures for checking test instruments are fit for purpose and are calibrated – 4
6. The correct procedures for a safe isolation with regard to:
a) An assessment of safe working practice
b) Correct identification of circuits to be isolated
c) Correct test and proving instruments selected
d) Application of industry approved testing methods
e) Correct selection of devices for securing isolation – 5
7. Approved industry procedures and practices for testing the built panel – 1,6,7
8. The importance of accurate labelling and recording of the results of test activities – 9
9. The characteristics and limitations of different types of conductors and components and how they impact on the testing of the panel – 6,7
10. Organisational requirements with regard to completing test documentation and reporting failed panels – 8,9

Health and Safety
11. Carrying out the tests and their effect on equipment not part of the fixed installation – 6,7
12. Industry approved procedures and practices for the use of test equipment – 1,6
13. The legal responsibilities for health and safety in accordance with current health and safety legislation, regulations and codes of practice – All POs

Principles and Theory
14. The latest, relevant Industry Standards applicable to the inspection and testing of built panels – All POs
15. Where to find out about the principles of electrical theory and installation techniques and those which are appropriate to safe inspection and testing – All POs

Unit 323 – Diagnose and Correct Faults in Panels

This unit is for you if you diagnose and correct faults in panels and take appropriate action.

This unit is about the safe identification and rectification of faults using safe and approved methods.

You need to show that you possess the skills and knowledge to:

  • Use safe methods of diagnosing faults
  • Rectify faults using safe and approved methods
  • Make the correct use of test equipment and tools.

To help with your understanding, the ‘Key Words and Phrases‘ section below gives more details about some of the words and phrases which have been used in this unit.

Unit 323 Key Words & Phrases

Faults: In this unit, faults include: overload, earth leakage faults, open circuits, short circuits, high resistance joints, incomplete circuits and oversensitive/ non- performing protective devices.
Connections: In this unit, this includes: the termination and connection of wiring systems and equipment ensuring that every joint and connection is mechanically and electrically sound and suitable for use.
Equipment: In this unit, this includes switchgear, distribution boards, motor starters, controllers, instrumentation and their control systems, components and accessories.
Conductor systems: In this unit, these refer to: insulated and non- insulated conductor systems as specified.
Panel Types: In this unit, these include: switchboards, mccs, control panels, etc. A control panel is a multi-functional enclosure which contains an electrical system of control components and whose uses are explained by a circuit diagram.
Safe system of work: In this unit, this refers to a system of work which will include procedures such as safe isolation, permits to work, wearing personal protective equipment and other procedures, as appropriate, identified during an assessment of risks. The system of work may take the form of a method statement.
Tests: In this unit, these include tests appropriate to conductors, insulation resistance, pressure tests, polarity and phasesequencing, the operation of protective equipment, functional operation of control circuits, components and equipment.
Relevant person(s): In this unit, these are: customers, clients, client representatives, charge-hands, supervisors, other contractors, colleagues, non- electrical operatives.
Industry Standards: These standards can include relevant British, European and International Standards.

Unit 323 Performance Objectives

You must ensure that: 

  1. You obtain clear and detailed information relating to the faults including the specification and condition of the faulty electrical equipment
  2. You advise the relevant people clearly and accurately about the potential disruption and consequences of carrying out a diagnosis and correction of faults
  3. You agree the appropriate repairs and their costs with the relevant people in accordance with organisational procedures
  4. You undertake an assessment of risks and plan a safe system of work to comply with health and safety regulations
  5. You follow the correct procedures for identifying and carrying out a safe and secure isolation
  6. You follow the safe system of work to perform suitable tests on the installed equipment to identify the faults
  7. You correct the fault, in accordance with specifications for
    a) The equipment
    b) The conductor systems
    c) Using the appropriate tools, equipment and materials
  8. You inspect and test that the repaired electrical equipment is functioning correctly in accordance with the equipment specifications and conductor systems
  9. You complete the relevant documentation to comply with organisational requirements.
Unit 323 Knowledge Requirements

* Related Performance Objective Number in Red

In order to diagnose and correct electrical faults in panels you should know and understand the following aspects:

Diagnosing and Correcting Faults:

1. The necessary information for carrying out a successful fault diagnosis – 1
2. The implications for relevant parties of carrying out an isolation in order to undertake fault finding – 2,3
3. How to carry out an assessment of risks and plan a system of work with regard to:
a) Access to the workplace
b) Preventing unauthorised access
c) Others working at the workplace
d) Systems and equipment integrity
e) The working conditions and the working environment – 4
4. The correct procedures for a safe and secure isolation with regard to:
a) An assessment of safe working practice
b) Correct identification of circuits to be isolated
c) Correct test and proving instruments selected
d) Use of correct testing methods
e) Correct selection of devices for securing isolation – 5
5. The advantages and limitations of fault diagnosis techniques – 6
6. The correct sequence of tests for locating faults – 6
7. The main types, advantages and limitations of test instruments for use with the installation – 7
8. The correct methods for checking that test instruments are functional and in calibration – 7
9. The main requirements and procedures of inspecting and testing panels when undertaking fault finding – 8
10. Organisational requirements with regard to completing test results and all relevant documentation – 9

Health and Safety
11. Importance of using personal safety equipment and appropriate tools for specific jobs – All POs
12. The legal responsibilities for health and safety in accordance with current health and safety legislation, regulations and codes of practice – All POs

Principles and Theory
13. The latest, relevant Industry Standards applicable to the diagnosis and correction of faults in built panels – All POs
14. Where to find out about the principles of electrical theory and installation techniques and which are appropriate to the diagnosis and correction of faults in built panels – All POs

Unit 324 – Provide Technical and Functional Information to Relevant People Relating to Panels

This unit is for you if you pass on technical or functional information relating to custom-built panels.

This unit is about supplying technical and functional information accurately on appropriate occasions or at handover with the right amount of detail bearing in mind the level of awareness of the recipient of the information.

You need to show that you possess the skills and knowledge to identify who should receive such information and at what level of detail supply the information that is within your job capabilities and responsibilities pass on the necessary safety considerations in the correct manner.

To help with your understanding, the ‘Key Words and Phrases‘ section below gives more details about some of the words and phrases which have been used in this unit.

Unit 324 Key Words & Phrases

Technical Information: In this unit, this will include information covering specifications of the panel types, manufacturers’ instructions and data.
Functional Information: In this unit, this will include information covering user instructions, including the circumstances when other relevant people should be called in.
Relevant people: In this unit these will include: customers, clients, client representatives, charge-hands, supervisors, other contractors.
Equipment: In this unit, this includes switchgear, distribution boards, motor starters, controllers, instrumentation and their control systems, components and accessories.
Panel Types: In this unit, these include: switchboards, mccs, control panels, etc. A control panel is a multi-functional enclosure which contains an electrical system of control components and whose uses are explained by a circuit diagram.
Safe system of work: In this unit, this refers to a system of work which will include procedures such as safe isolation, permits to work, wearing personal protective equipment and other procedures, as appropriate, identified during an assessment of risks. The system of work may take the form of a method statement.

Unit 324 Performance Objectives

You must ensure that: 

  1. You identify the relevant people that need to be supplied with technical and functional information
  2. You discuss, with the relevant people, their technical and functional information requirements
  3. You obtain current and relevant information from appropriate sources
  4. You assess the nature and extent of information required by the relevant people in order for the installation, or equipment, to be operated safely and effectively
  5. You pass on the information in a timely, courteous and professional manner and in accordance with organisational procedures
  6. You provide written technical and functional information to the relevant people in accordance with organisational procedures
  7. You confirm that the relevant people receive the necessary health and safety information and advice in the approved manner.
Unit 324 Knowledge Requirements

* Related Performance Objective Number in Red

In order to provide technical and functional information to relevant people you should know and understand the following aspects relating to:

Providing Technical and Functional Information:

1. Which situations warrant written technical and functional information – 4,6
2. Methods of checking the relevant person’s understanding of the technical and non-technical information provided – 1,2
3. Sources of technical and functional information including the manufacturer, supplier or own organisation – 3
4. Ways of checking the relevant people understand those aspects of the information which have a bearing on health and safety – 7
5. Responsibilities and limitations in your job role with respect to supplying technical and functional information – All POs
6. Organisational practice on the amount of information and detail that individual members of the relevant person’s organisation are entitled to receive – 5
7. The importance of providing information clearly, courteously and professionally – 7
8. The safety implications and functional consequences of supplying inaccurate or incomplete information to the relevant person – All POs

Health and Safety
9. The need for up-to-date, reliable technical and functional information – All POs
10. The legal responsibilities for health and safety according to current health and safety legislation, regulations, codes of practice – All POs

Unit 325 – Maintain a Healthy and Safe Working Environment When Building Panels

This unit is for a person carrying out activities at work – regardless of where that work might be. The scope of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 covers ‘all persons’ whether employers, employees, self employed, contractors, etc. Amongst other things the Act seeks do is to secure the health, safety and welfare of people whilst they work and protect other people against risks to health or safety arising from the activity of people at work.

– This unit does not require the learner to undertake a full risk assessment, it is about having an appreciation of significant risks in the workplace and knowing how to identify them and deal with them.

– It is important to note the following that according to the Health and Safety at Work Act: Employers must safeguard so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all the people who work for them and ‘other persons’. This applies in particular to the provision and maintenance of safe plant and systems of work, and covers all machinery, equipment and substances used.

– People at work also have a duty under the Act to take reasonable care to avoid harm to themselves or to others by their working practices, and to co-operate with employers and others in meeting statutory requirements. The Act also requires employees not to interfere with or misuse anything provided to protect their health, safety or welfare in compliance with the Act.

This unit is about having an appreciation of hazards which may cause serious harm in the workplace and knowing how to deal with them. It describes the competences required to ensure that:

  • Your own actions do not create any health and safety risks
  • You do not ignore hazards with significant risk in your workplace
  • You take sensible action to put things right, including reporting situations which pose a danger to people in the workplace and seeking advice.

You need to show that you possess the skills and knowledge to understand the health and safety requirements in the workplace, and that you check your own work activities and work area for any hazards which may harm you or others. You should be able to identify those risks you can safely deal with yourself, and those which you must report to the ‘responsible’ person for attention.

To help with your understanding, the ‘Key Words and Phrases‘ section below gives more details about some of the words and phrases which have been used in this unit.

Unit 325 Key Words & Phrases

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is the body appointed to support and enforce health and safety law. They have defined two important concepts as follows:

Hazard: ‘A hazard is something with potential to cause harm’
Risk: ‘A risk is the likelihood of the hazard’s potential being realised’. Almost anything may be a hazard, but may or may not become a risk. For example:
1. A trailing electric cable from a piece of equipment is a hazard. If it is trailing across a passageway there is a high risk of someone tripping over it, but if it lies along a wall out of the way, the risk is much less.
2. Toxic or flammable chemicals stored in a building are a hazard, and by their nature may present a high risk. However, if they are kept in a properly designed secure store, and handled by properly trained and equipped people, the risk is much less than if they are left about in a busy workshop for anyone to use – or misuse.
3. A failed light bulb is a hazard. If it is just one bulb out of many in a room it presents very little risk, but if it is the only light on a stairwell, it is a very high risk. Changing the bulb may be a high risk, if it is high up, or if the power has been left on, or low risk if it is in a table lamp which has been unplugged.
4. A box of heavy material is a hazard. It presents a higher risk to someone who lifts it manually than if a mechanical handling device is properly used.
Emergencies: In this unit this includes: fire, explosions, toxic atmosphere, electrical shocks.
Working conditions: In this unit this refers to the working conditions which exist at that point in time when the panel building takes place. One example may be the physical dimensions of the panel being built may affect working practices.
Working environment: In this unit this refers to the work area where the panel building is to take place and this may be affected by other associated or allied trades, for example, paint spraying, sheet metal work, etc.
Relevant people: These include: customers, clients, client representatives, chargehands, supervisors, other contractors, colleagues.
Working practices: This includes: activities, procedures, use of materials or equipment and working techniques used in carrying out your job.

Unit 325 Performance Objectives

You must ensure that: 

  1. You identify which workplace health and safety procedures are relevant to your working environment
  2. You identify evacuation procedures and emergency exits before work commences
  3. You review your working practices and your working environment for hazards which could cause serious harm
  4. You control those health and safety hazards within your capability and job responsibility limits
  5. You report those hazards which may present a high risk to the relevant persons responsible for health and safety in the workplace
  6. Your personal conduct around the workplace does not endanger the health and safety of yourself or other persons
  7. You follow the workplace policies and suppliers’ or manufacturers’ instructions for the safe use of tools, plant and equipment
  8. You follow agreed procedures in the event of an emergency warning
  9. You follow correct procedures in the event of injuries to self and others.
Unit 325 Knowledge Requirements

* Related Performance Objective Number in Red

In order to maintain a healthy and safe working environment when building panels you should know and understand the following aspects relating to:

Health and Safety:

1. Your legal duties for health and safety in the workplace as defined by the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 – 1
2. Your duties for health and safety as defined by any specific legislation covering your job role – 1,2
3. What hazards may exist in your workplace – 3
4. The particular health and safety risks which may be present in your own job role – 3
5. The importance of remaining alert to the presence of hazards in the whole work place – All POs
6. Agreed workplace health and safety procedures including site evacuation procedures and procedures for dealing with injured persons – 6,7,8,9
7. Responsibilities for health and safety in your job description – 4
8. The responsible persons to whom to report health and safety matters – 5

Unit 399 – Electrotechnical Occupational Competence (AM2)

This unit is designed to enable learners to demonstrate ‘Electrotechnical occupational competence’ in accordance with approved industry practices and the current statutory and non-statutory regulations:

  • The Electricity at Work Regulations (1989)
  • The current edition of BS7671 Wiring Regulations
  • Health & Safety Act (1974)
  • Building Regulations (2000)
  • Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations
  • Reporting of Injuries, Diseases & Dangerous Occurrences Regulations
  • Provision & Use of Work Equipment Regulations
  • Manual Handling Operations Regulations
  • Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations
  • Work at Height Regulations
  • Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations
  • Control of Asbestos at Work Regulations

The outcomes and the assessment criteria of this unit underpin the electrotechnical industry’s competence requirements for qualified operatives in an installation or maintenance role.

 

To undertake this unit, learners must provide auditable formal evidence that they have the relevant electrotechnical knowledge, understanding, experience and skills at the appropriate level that enables them to carry out the assessment activities effectively and safely as prescribed for each learning outcome.

This unit must only be assessed in a National Electrotechnical Training (NET) approved centre. All criteria set by NET must be met full and continuously for each assessment. NET, rather than City & Guilds, should be contacted regarding any queries regarding the delivery and/or assessment for this unit.

As with all assessments, the candidates result for this unit must be submitted to City & Guilds on the Walled Garden to allow for certification.

This unit will be assessed by:

  • A knowledge assessment at a NET approved AM2 centre
  • A simulated practical exercise at a NET approved AM2 centre.
Unit 399 Performance Objectives

You must:

1. Be able to interpret specifications, drawings and diagrams

1.1 Interpret specifications and technical data for the installation of:
a) protective earthing systems
b) A ring final circuit
c) A general lighting circuit
d) A control system for a three-phase motor
e) A central heating / sustainable energy system
f) A safety service circuit
g) A data cabling system
h) A three-phase socket-outlet

2. Be able to undertake risk assessments
2.1 Review safe working practices
2.2 Undertake a risk assessment
2.3 Complete risk assessment documentation in accordance with organisational procedures

3. Be able to carry out the safe isolation of electrical circuits and complete electrical installations
3.1 Locate correct means of isolation
3.2 Follow correct procedures for the isolation of electrical circuit(s) and complete electrical installations
3.3 Isolate circuit(s) in correct sequence
3.4 Select correct test and measuring instruments
3.5 Correctly test for the presence of an electrical supply

4. Be able to plan and prepare to install, terminate and connect wiring systems
4.1 In accordance with an installation specification select the correct cables, accessories, equipment, components and protective devices for the installation of:
a) Protective earthing systems
b) A ring final circuit
c) A general lighting circuit
d) The control of a three-phase motor
e) A central heating / sustainable energy system
f) A safety service circuit
g) A data cabling system
h) A three-phase socket-outlet

5. Be able to complete the installation, termination and connection of wiring systems in accordance with industry requirements
5.1 In accordance with an installation specification install, terminate and connect cables, accessories, equipment, components and protective devices for the installation of:
a) Protective earthing systems
b) A ring final circuit
c) A general lighting circuit
d) The control of a three-phase motor
e) A central heating / sustainable energy system
f) A safety service circuit
g) A data cabling system
h) A three-phase socket-outlet

6. Be able to complete the visual inspection, initial verification and certification of an electrical installation
6.1 Comply with correct procedures
6.2 Record relevant findings on correct documentation

7. Be able to complete the testing and certification of an electrical installation in accordance with industry requirements
7.1 Select and use the correct measuring instruments
7.2 Confirm instruments function accurately
7.3 Measure the continuity of protective conductors
7.4 Measure the continuity of ring final circuit conductors
7.5 Measure the insulation resistance of the installation and its circuits
7.6 Confirm the polarity of the installation’s electrical outlets and components
7.7 Determine the installation’s Earth Fault-Loop Impedance (EFLI)
7.8 Determine the installation’s Prospective Fault Current (PFC)
7.9 Carry out functional tests on the installation’s equipment and components
7.10 Complete the correct documentation in accordance with statutory and non-statutory regulations

8. Be able to diagnose, and recommend how to rectify, electrical faults in an electrical installation in accordance with industry requirements
8.1 Undertake an assessment of risk accordingly
8.2 Carry out safe isolation in the correct sequence as appropriate to fault diagnosis procedures
8.3 Select and use correctly, fit for purpose tools, equipment and instruments
8.4 Carry out relevant checks and preparations
8.5 Locate faults from given information
8.6 State how the identified faults can be rectified.

Click on the highlighted link below to find out more details about the four sections in the NET (National Electrotechnical Training Organisation) AM2 Practical Assessment.

Still Have Questions About Your NVQ Level 3 Electrical?

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